Ontalink > Native Americans > Shawnee

Originally southern Ohio, West Virginia, and Western Pennsylvania. The Shawnee were driven from this area by the Iroquois sometime around the 1660s and then scattered in all directions to South Carolina, Tennessee's Cumberland Basin, eastern Pennsylvania, and southern Illinois. By 1730 most of the Shawnee had returned to their homeland only to be forced to leave once again - this time by American settlement. Moving first to Missouri and then Kansas, the main body finally settled in Oklahoma after the Civil War. Population Estimates of the original Shawnee population range from 3,000 to 50,000, but a reasonable guess is somewhere around 10,000.

Shawnee comes from the Algonquin word "shawun" (shawunogi) meaning "southerner." However, this referred to their original location in the Ohio Valley relative to other Great Lakes Algonquin rather than a homeland in the American southeast. Shawnee usually prefer to call themselves the Shawano - sometimes given as Shawanoe or Shawanese. South Carolina colonists knew them as the Savannah or Savannuca. Other names: Ani-Sawanugi (Cherokee), Chaouanons (Chauenon) (French), Chaskpe (Chaouesnon) (French), Chiouanon (Seneca), Cumberland Indians, Ontwagnnn (Iroquois "one who stutters"), Oshawanoag (Ottawa), Satana (Iroquois), Shawala (Lakota), and Touguenha (Iroquois).

The United Tribe of Shawnee Jim Oyler's page

United the tribes of the Ohio Valley and Great Lakes as no other leader had before.
Tecumseh and The War of 1812 Britain had been drawn into war with the United States anyway. Britain had the advantage of support from her Indian allies, while the Indians had a final opportunity to strike at the old enemy without having to stand alone.
Oshawana Oshawana' (John Nahdee), Tecumseh's chief warrior at the Battle of the River Thames.

Ohio Historical Society
Ohio Valley Shawnee tribe. Find portraits, biographies, maps and histories.

Shawnee History
Shawnee Nation's forced migrations, find a list of affiliated tribes
Shawnee Indians Shawnee Constitution and related treaties

Shawnee Indian Mission
Kansas State Historical Society supplies a history of the Shawnee's forced relocation and describes the creation of the Kansas mission.

Shawnee - A Profile
Shawnee Nation from the 17th century to the present. Dand some of the cultural beliefs.