Victorio was arguably the reatest leader of the Mimbreľo Apaches (often called Gila or Warm Springs Apaches) Victorio was born about 1825 and was soon a respected warrior among the Chiricahuas. Involved in many skirmishes with Mexicans, and later, Americans, but around 1870 he accepted land set aside for him at Caľada Alamosa, New Mexico.
In The Days Of Victorio Recollections Of A Warm Springs Apache by Eve Ball
Victorio and the reservation system - a prescription for disaster In the years immediately before the outbreak of the Civil War, the Board of Indian Commissioners in Washington, D.C. had discussed a policy of removal and concentration for the Southern Apaches of New Mexico and Arizona Territories. Simply put, the policy called for the removal of the Mimbres, Central Chiracahuas, Coyoteros, Gila, and Mogollon bands from those areas where they would have potentially disruptive contact with white settlers and placement on reservations where they could become self-supporting through farming and animal husbandry.
Victorio's Escape Archaeologists stumbled across a long-lost battlefield in New Mexico's desert, they had a unique opportunity to resurrect a piece of the American Indian Wars' history.