The Abenaki People originally lived throughout much of Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont. Currently, they are recognized only as "Canadian Indians", with the exception of the Penobscot, Passamaquoddy, & Maliseet (all Eastern Abenaki) in Maine. Focus is on Western Maine, which is loosely defined as west of the Kennebec River. An estimated 1,890 people that make up the Abenaki Nation live in Quebec. Abenaki call themselves Alnanbal meaning "men." The name "Abenaki" - spelled variously as: Abenaqui, Abenaki, Alnanbal, Benaki, Oubenaki, Wabanaki, Wippanap - originated from a Montagnais (Algonquin) word meaning "people of the dawn" or "easterners." Early contacts witht he Abenaki were with European fishermen, sadly at least two major epidemics hit the Abenaki during the 1500s. An unknown sickness occurred sometime between 1564 and 1570 and typhus hit the Abenaki in 1586. Just prior to English settlement of Massachusetts in 1620, saw anpther three separate epidemics sweep across New England and the Canadian Maritimes. Maine was hit very hard during 1617 (75% mortality), and the population of the eastern Abenaki fell to about 5,000. There were less than 1,000 Abenaki remaining after the American Revolution. The population has currently recovered to almost 12,000 on both sides of the border.
Abenaki Nation Abenaki nation of Missisquoi
Abenaki History Lee Sultzman's Abenaki history
Abenaki Culture and History relates to Western Maine
Abenaki Steve Miller's personal Abenaki Native American Indian page, not an official Abenaki Native American Indian Home page. Unfortunately, we are not officially recognized as a tribe by the United States - in fact the United States lists us as extinct.
Traditional Abenaki of Mazipskwik & Related bands We are a Native American Nation comprised of descendants of the Alnobak (Abenaki Indians) that have inhabited N'Dakinna, also known as Vermont, Southern Quebec and parts of New York state and New Hampshire for over 12,000 years.
Abenaki Warrior The Life and Times of Chief Escumbuit, Big Island Pond, 1665-1727 : French Hero! British Monster! Indian Patriot! by Alfred E. Kayworth, Rob Cline (Illustrator), Adolph Caso (Editor)
Abenaki The Abenaki language is part of the Algonquian linguistic group.
Abenaki Ass Abenaki Associates, established in 1984, has a strong team of staff and associates dedicated to providing First Nations Financial and Program Management Systems;
Abenaki fact sheet Native American Facts For Kids was written for young people in search of Abenaki information for school or home-schooling reports
Ne-Do-Ba Ne-Do-Ba is a nonprofit Maine corporation established to explore and share topics relating to the Abenaki Indian and their Euroamerican relationships in Western Maine, past and present.
Cowsuck Band The Cowasuck Band of the Pennacook-Abenaki People
Abenaki Genealogy genealogy site for the Abenaki people
St Francis-Sokoki band Sokoki Band of the Abenaki Nation, sometimes referred to as the Western Abenaki. Sokoki is their native word for the Western Abenaki.